The Second International Conference of the International Geographical Union (IGU) Commission on Agricultural Geography and Land Engineering
Jönköping International Business School (JIBS)
Jönköping, Sweden, October 17-19, 2018, with arrival 16 October
The “flight from the countryside” has been going on for generations in the Western world and is nowalso a megatrend in the developing world. Long-term increasing productivity in agriculture have made it possible for the countrysides to feed ever growing urban populations. However, neither urbanization nor rural shrinkage are processes free from economic, social and environmental problems. The city-close countrysides become integrated in the growing metropolitan regions and lose more and more of their rural character. The vast areas outside the metropolitan regions are still of importance as sources for raw materials and foods, but mechanization, automation and digitization make the need for labor for these activities smaller and smaller, which means depopulation and no potential for endogenous development of these areas. With the words of the French sociologist Henri Lefebvre, these areas are slowly given over “nature”.